(Saari 2011,10,16) Another labour productivity measure, output per worker, is often seen as a proper measure of labour productivity, as here: Productivity isn't everything, but in the long run it is almost everything.Main article: Production (economics) When all outputs and inputs are included in the productivity measure it is called total productivity.

For this reason GDP is systematically biased in favour of capital intensive production at the expense of knowledge and labour-intensive production.The formula of the MFP growth is as follows (Schreyer 2005,7 change of MFP change of output (1.119) minus change of labour input x cost share of labour (1.150.475.546) minus change of capital input x cost share of capital (1.030.525.The pattern was again followed by the computer, information and communications industries in the late 1990s when much of the national productivity gains occurred in these industries.

Labor productivity growth comes from increases in the amount of capital available to each worker (capital deepening the education and experience of the workforce (labor composition) and improvements in technology (multi-factor productivity growth).The calculations of productivity of a nation or an industry are based on the time series of the SNA, System of National Accounts.It also forces existing firms to organise work more effectively through imitations of organisational structures and technology.